Congress enacted RA 8050, regulating the practice of optometry education, integrated optometrists, among others. Respondents assailed the validity of the act on the grounds that it derogated the orderly procedure essential to the legislative process and vitiating legislative consent, violates the due process clause of the Constitution; violates the principle against undue delegation of legislative power; and in violation of the guarantee of freedom of speech and press.
Whether or not there is a valid cause of action.
NO. An actual case or controversy means an existing case or controversy that is appropriate or ripe for determination, not conjectural or anticipatory.