Rubi v Provincial Board of Mindoro; G.R. No. 14078; 07 Mar 1919; 39 Phil 660

in Legal Chyme by

Rubi and his companions, all Manguianes, were allegedly held on the reservation established at Tigbao against their will, and one Dabalos was allegedly held under the custody of the provincial sheriff for running away from the reservation. The action was taken in accordance with Section 2145 of the Administrative Code of 1917 which allows the governor to select or direct the inhabitants to take up their habitation on sites on unoccupied public lands.

Whether or not petitioners’ rights were violated.

NO. Petitioners are not unlawfully imprisoned or restrained of their liberty. Even liberty itself, the greatest of all rights, is not an unrestricted license to act according to one’s own will. It is only freedom from restraint under conditions essential to the equal enjoyment of the same right by others. Civil liberty may be said to mean that measure of freedom which may be enjoyed in a civilized community, consistently with the peaceful enjoyment of the freedom in others.

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