Villegas v Hiu Chiong; G.R. No. L-29646; 10 Nov 1978; 86 SCRA 270

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The Municipal Board of Manila passed an ordinace making it unlawful for any alien to be employed in any place of employment or to be engaged in any kind of trade, business or occupation within the City of Manila without securing an employment permit from the City Mayor who has discretion whether or not to grant said employment permit.

Whether or not assailed ordinance violates the due process and equal protection clauses of the Constitution.

YES. While it is true that the State is not obliged to admit aliens within its territory, once an alien is admitted, he cannot be deprived of life without due process of law. This guarantee includes the means of livelihood.

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